BS Geography Complete Guide 2024

Bachelors in geography is the study of different places and people's interactions with their environments. Geographers also study both the physical and social exposure of the Earth's surface. A geographer attempts to understand the origins and evolution of occurrence. Having completed a 4 years of bachelor degree in geography, students can learn about the dispensation of physical and cultural phenomena on a local, regional and global level.

There are two main branches of geography program such as physical geography and human geography. Geographers analyze and locate major physical and human geographic aspects of various places and regions in the world.

There are 3 of the biggest fields in geography are:

  • Cartography

  • Hydrology

  • Meteorology

Majors Or Specializations Of BS Geography

There are some following specializations of BS Geography :

  • Areas of study include Physical Geography

  • Lithosphere

  • Atmosphere

  • Hydrosphere and Biosphere

  • Human Geography

  • Cultural Geography

  • Urban Geography

  • Population Geography

  • Political Geography

  • Economic Geography

  • Practical Geography

  • Map Making

  • Map Reading and Ground Surveying Techniques

  • Geographic research

  • Geographic information systems

  • Political geography

  • Physical geography

There are also some following specializations of BS geography which includes:
  • Biogeography

  • Climate change

  • Coastal geography

  • Development geography

  • Ecology

  • Geomorphology

  • Health geography

  • Migration

  • Religion geography

  • Sexuality geography

  • Tourism geography

  • Transportation geography

  • Soil science

Duration And Credit Hours Of BS Geography

To be awarded the BS Geography degree program, a student must complete a total of 132 to 138 credit hours with a minimum CGPA of 2.50 out of 4.0.

BS geography is a 4 year degree program which has a total of 8 semesters. The credit hours distribution of BS geography is as:

Semesters Credit hours
1st semester 18
2nd semester 18
3rd semester 18
4th semester 18
5th semester 15
6th semester 18
7th semester 15
8th semester 12

Scope And Career Of BS Geography

Geography is a well-paid and interesting job in Pakistan. Geographers have a high demand in a world that faces overpopulation, climate change , natural disasters and other ultimatums, also the importance of their work is thrown back in the income.

Geography basically deals with the study of different people in different locations on the earth. Such as mining, manufacturing, trading, agriculture, fishing etc.

  • GIS Developer

  • Senior Geotechnical Engineer

  • Landscape Architects

  • Emergency Management Directors

  • Environmental Managers

  • Geopolitical Analysts

  • ArcGIS Developer

  • Geospatial Engineer

  • GIS Consultant

  • GIS Web Developer

  • Senior GIS Developer

  • GIS Engineer

  • Land Surveyors

  • Geographers

  • Environmental Planners

  • Emergency response coordinator

  • Real estate advisor

  • Environmental advisor

  • Information scientist

  • Community developer

  • Research writer

  • Demographer

  • Cartographer

  • Climate Change Analyst

  • Climatologist

  • Emergency Management Specialist

  • Geomorphologist

  • Geospatial analyst

  • GIS specialist

  • Hydrologist

  • Location analyst

  • Meteorologist

  • Pollution Analyst

  • Remote Sensing Analyst

  • Soil Conservationist

  • Surveyor

  • Town planner

  • Water conservation officer

Students who completed a degree in geography can also work in the field of research and consulting to collect and identify data.

Skills And Learning Outcomes Of BS Geography

There are following skills which are required in a BS geography degree program:

  • Research and data collection skills

  • Analysis and evaluation skills

  • Mathematical and computational skills

  • IT skills, including computer cartography and the use of databases and spreadsheets as well.

  • Written and oral communications skills

  • Report writing and data presentation skills

  • Problem-solving skills

  • Decision-making

Learning outcomes of BS Geography
  • Graduates will be able to recognize science as a way of knowing such as its values and constraints.

  • They will be able to achieve a depth and range of knowledge and skills in their discipline in an associative area.

  • Develop abilities of reason and fascination, also collect and identify data, integrate and draw conclusions and productively coordinate with others.

  • They will also be able to understand political systems, territory, borders and states,

  • They will also be able to understand the basic elements of culture. Also understand the types and levels of economic schemes.

Syllabus And Courses Of BS Geography

1st semester

Courses Credit hours
Physical Geography 3
Fundamentals of Geography 3
English-I 3
Introduction to Cartographic Method 4
General – I 3
Islamic Studies / Core Ethics 2

2nd semester

Advanced Cartographic Methods 4
Introduction to Computers 3
Human Geography 3
Human Geography 3
Pakistan Studies 2
Introduction to Computers 3

3rd semester

Introduction to Computers 3
English – III 3
History and development of Geographic thought 3
General – III 3
General – IV 3
General – V 3

4th semester

Ground Survey Techniques 3
Climatology 3
Geomorphology 3
Environment Geography 3
Quantitative Techniques 3
Mathematics 3

5th semester

G-I-S 3
Population Geography 3
General – VI 3
General – VII 3
General – VIII 3

6th semester

Regional Concepts 3
Urban Geography 3
Medical Geography 3
Economic and Commercial Geography 3
Research Methodology 3
General – IX 3

7th semester

Cultural Geography 3
Transportation Geography 3
Remote Sensing 3
G-I-M 3
Data Analysis and report writing 3

8th semester

Disaster and Risk Management 3
Research Report 6
Disaster and Risk Managements 3
Core Courses

Population Geography

Region and Regional Concept

Geographical Information Sciences

Remote Sensing

Settlement Geography

Research Methods



Economic Geography


Core courses 19
Major courses 86
Elective courses 27
Total 132

Related Courses Of BS Geography

There are following related courses of BS geography:

  • BS Human Geography

  • BS Physical Geography

  • BS Environment Geography

  • BS Space Science

  • BS Geomatics

  • BS Geophysics

  • BS Environmental Sciences

  • BS Regional Studies

  • BS Report Senesces and GIS

  • BS Geology

  • BS Hydrology and Water Resources Management

Fee Structure Of BS Geography

Some private and public sector universities fee structure for BS geography degree program:

University Of Gujrat 72,000 per semester
University Of Sindh 24,000 per semester
Government College University 52,000 per semester
University Of Karachi 24500 per semester
The Islamia University Of Bahawalpur 45800 per semester
Government College Women University Faisalabad 38500 per semester
Government College University Lahore 52,000 per semester
Kinnaird College For Women 92,000 per semester

Further Courses After BS Geography

There are following further courses which a students can pursue after a BS geography degree program:

  • MS in Cultural Geography

  • MSc in Urban and Economic Geography

  • Master of Science in Geography

  • MS Geography

  • MS Human Geography

  • MS Physical Geography

  • MS Environment Geography

  • MS Space Science

  • MS Geomatics

  • MS Geophysics

  • MS Environmental Sciences

  • MS Regional Studies

  • MS Report Senesces And GIS

  • MS Geology

  • MS Hydrology and Water Resources Management

A Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) in geography is a higher education degree program. Usually, students continue to study in the field of study after the master's degree. The total duration to complete this degree is 3 to 5 years.

Admission Process And Eligibility Criteria Of BS Geography

The students can apply online for a BS geography degree program through the official website of the desired university.

Applicants are informed to fill all required personal and academic information along with academic documents.

Pay the fee challan and the application successfully.

Entry Requirements for BS Geography program

Students must have Intermediate (FSc) or Equivalent qualification or equivalence certificate.

Minimum 50% marks in intermediate.

Students must have at least 50% Passing marks in the entry test or university admission test.

Top colleges and universities in Pakistan of BS Geography

There are many colleges and universities in Pakistan which are offering BS geography degree program. Some top ranked universities for BS geography are:

  • University of the Punjab

  • Government College University Lahore

  • Kinnaird College for Women university

  • University of Peshawar

  • University of Karachi

  • University of Sargodha

  • Islamia University of Bahawalpur,

  • University of Gujrat

  • Bahauddin Zakariya University

  • University of Balochistan

  • Islamia College Peshawar

  • University of Karachi

  • University of Peshawar

  • Government college university, Faisalabad

  • Government College Women University, Faisalabad

  • Forman Christian College university

  • Lahore Garrison University LGU

  • Government College University, Faisalabad

  • Federal Urdu University of Arts, Science and Technology

  • Government Post Graduate College

  • Lahore College for Women University

  • Abdul wali khan university, mardan