BS Geology Complete Guide 2024

The Bachelor of Science in geology is a 4 year degree program that concentrates on the study of the earth. It handles its origin, characteristics, composition and processes. Geology program also studies the Earth's natural disasters including earthquakes, floods and volcanic emissions. Geologists play an important role in studying weather patterns, seismic activity and tectonic movements to assist in preparing for potential untimely events. They also assist in engineering structures to resist flooding and earthquakes.

The course geology is further divided into many branches to deal with specific areas such as physical geology, geomorphology, crystallography, structural geology, paleontology, mineralogy, petrology, stratigraphy, economic geology, hydrogeology and other applied branches. Geologists also study the processes, materials and history of the Earth. They study how rocks were formed and what has happened with formation

Why Geology?
  • Predict the behavior of earth systems at universal level.

  • Finding enough supplies of natural resources including petroleum, ground water and metals.

  • Develop natural resources in ways that defend the environment.

  • Preserve the soils and maintain agricultural production.

Majors Or Specializations Of BS Geology

There are following majors of BS geology:

  • Geological Engineering

  • Environmental Science

  • Business

  • Physical Geology

  • Historical Geology

A geology major focuses on the physical aspects of earth and different forces. It includes inspection of the solids, liquids and gasses that have molded the earth's surface over time and its natural resources constituting its ecosystems.

Specialization of geology degree program

The Geology specialization is designed for students to plan a career as a professional geologist with private or government sector agencies such as geological surveys, geotechnical, mining and energy firms/industries.

Duration And Credit Hours Of BS Geology

The duration of the BS Geology degree program is 4 years consisting of a total of 8 semesters. Students must have to complete 128 to 138 credit hours for the award of this degree including core and elective courses.

Semester wise credit hours distribution of BS geology is as:

Semesters Credit hours
1st semester 16
2nd semester 18
3rd semester 18
4th semester 15
5th semester 18
6th semester 15
7th semester 14
8th semester 15

Scope And Career Of BS Geology

Employment of geoscientists is expected to increase in the next few years, which is faster than average for all other careers. The scope of energy, environmental protection and resource management is projected to stimulate demand for geoscientists in the future.

Geologists can work in the future of energy production, extra-terrestrial planetary exploration, geothermal energy, mining and mineral resources, carbon capture and storage, hydrogeology, environmental protection, climate change and history of life on Earth.

There are also various job opportunities available for graduates of geology such as:
  • Astrogeologist

  • Planetary geologist

  • Engineering geologist

  • Environmental consultant

  • Geochemist

  • Geological surveyor

  • Geology professor

  • Geomorphologist

  • Geophysicist

  • Gemologist

  • Glacial geologist

  • High school science teacher

  • Hydrogeologist

  • Mineralogist

  • Mining geologist

  • Natural history or natural science museum curator

  • Oceanographer

  • Paleontologist

  • Petrologist

  • Petroleum geologist

  • Sedimentologists

  • Soil scientist

  • Seismologist

  • Structural geologist

  • Exploration Geologist

  • Project Geologist

  • Hydrogeologist

  • Geological Advisor

  • Environmental Geologist

  • Field Geologist

  • Volcanologist

Salaries of Geologists

Graduates of this field have a high demand in both private as well as government organizations. Some of the most popular professions are Environmental Geologists, Petroleum Geologists, Volcanologists, and Paleontologists. In Pakistan, the average starting salary in this field is 40,000 to 50,000 per month. Graduates who have experience of 3 to 4 years, earn a salary from 60,0000 to 150,000 per month.

Skills And Learning Outcomes Of BS Geology

There are following skills required for a BS geology program:

  • A geologist should have strong geological knowledge, data analysis skills, fieldwork experience and expertise in geology software. t

  • Exploration Geologist

  • Effective written and verbal communication skills

  • Attention to detail

  • Ability to work collaboratively in a group or team

  • Analytical nature

  • Comfort with technology

  • Physical stamina

  • Problem-solving skills

Learning outcomes Of a BS Geology

Students who successfully complete a degree in Geology are expected to:

Illustrate knowledge of physical and chemical effects of the lithosphere and hydrosphere i.e (minerals, rocks, soil, water and crustal materials and dynamics in the context of plate tectonics theory).

Graduates will be able to determine geological controls on natural environments and habitats and speculate the impact of human activities.

They will also be able to balance the society's demand for natural resources and the need to assist healthy ecosystems. Also understand the universal climate patterns.

Related Courses Of BS Geology

There are some related courses of BS geology degree program:

  • BS Earth sciences

  • BS Environmental Sciences

  • BS Geography

  • BS Data Mining

  • BS Geophysics

  • BS Petrology

  • BS Applied Geology

The students can also get a bachelor's degree in relevant subjects along with a core subjects of geology such as

  • B. Tech in Earth Science

  • BA in Geology

  • B.Sc in Geology

1st semester

Courses Credit hours
Pakistan Studies 2
English I 3
Islamic Studies 2
Introduction to Computers 3
Mathematics 0
Physical and General Geology 3
Physics 3

2nd semester

Chemistry 3
English -II 3
Fundamental of Geography and Geomorphology 3
Calculus and Analytical Geometry 3
Field Geology 2
Introduction to Geophysics 3
Field Geology 3

3rd semester

Oral Communication 3
Structure Geology 3
Statistics 3
Programming Fundamentals 3
Mineralogy and Crystallography 3
Introduction to IR 3
Introduction to Media Studies 3
Introduction to Anthropology 3
Introduction to Sociology 3

4th semester

Sedimentology 3
Optical Mineralogy 3
Geotectonic 3
Geochemistry 3
Advance Mathematics 3
Geology Field Work and Report-I 3

5th semester

Computing programing language 3
Stratigraphy of Pakistan 3
Marine Geology 3
Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology 3
Paleontology 3
Environmental Geology 3

6th semester

Wireline logging 3
Geology of Pakistan 3
Petroleum Geology 3
Earthquake Seismology 3
Micropaleontology and Biostratigraphy 3
Geology Field Work and Report-II 3

7th semester

Engineering Geology 3
Economic Geology 3
Hydrogeology 3
Research Methodology 2
Petroleum Engineering 3

8th semester

Seismic Stratigraphy 3
Geochemical Exploration Technique 6
Thesis 6
GIS and Remote Sensing 3
Comprehensive Viva Voce 0

Fee Structure Of BS Geology

Fee structure of some public and private universities for BS geology:

Bacha Khan University 56,000 per semester
University Of Karachi 22,500 per semester
Abdul Wali Khan University, Mardan 76,500 per semester
University Of Sargodha 29,500 per semester
Abbottabad University Of Science And Technology 72,000 per semester
University Of Swat 32,000 per semester

Further Courses After BS Geology

There are some further which a graduate can pursue after BS geology degree program:

  • MS Earth Sciences

  • MS Data mining

  • MS Environmental Sciences

  • MS Geography

  • MS Geophysics

  • MS Petrology

  • MS Applied Geology

  • PHD Applied Geology

  • PHD in Environmental Sciences

After doing bachelors in geology students can go on to study data mining, petrology, geophysics and other related fields or else they can go on to become a geologists, meteorologist, geophysicists, environmental educator and many others.

Admission Process And Eligibility Criteria Of BS Geology

  • Students can apply online for a BS geology degree program from the official website of the university by filling out an application form along with all necessary documents.

  • Also attach the photocopies of required documents with application form i-e ID card, previous academic record.

  • Also pay the challan form in the mentioned bank branch.

  • Submit the application successfully.

Entry Requirements:
  • Students must have intermediate F.Sc. (Pre-Engineering/Pre-Medical/ICS with (Math /Physics / Computer).

  • They also must have at least 50% in intermediate.

  • Some private and public universities also require 50% in entry test.

  • Some universities conduct their own entry test for BS geology admission.

Top Colleges And Universities Of BS Geology in Pakistan

There are following colleges and universities which are offering BS geology degree program in Pakistan. There are some top ranked universities are:

  • University of Karachi

  • University of Peshawar

  • University of Balochistan

  • Bacha Khan University

  • University of Punjab

  • COMSATS University Islamabad

  • Shaheed Benazir Bhutto University

  • FATA University

  • Abbottabad University Of Science And Technology

  • University of malakand

  • The university of Haripur

  • Lahore college for women university

  • Ripha international university

  • University of swat

  • Bahria University

  • Shaheed Benazir Bhutto University