BS Mechanical Engineering Complete Guide 2024

Mechanical engineering is a 4 year degree program and a subfield of science and technology that delves into the operations behind the design, formulating and maintenance of machine systems. The Bachelor of Science in mechanical engineering degree program prepares students for various related careers in engineering industry. Mechanical courses explore basic principles of mechanical engineering and their application to advanced technological issues.

Mechanical engineering integrates creativity, knowledge and analytical equipments to complete the complex task. Mechanical engineering is one of the broad ranging engineering programs. Mechanical engineers plan, design, develop, build, implement and test.

There are 7 main types of mechanical engineering degree program:

  • Acoustics

  • Automotive

  • Autonomous Systems

  • Biotechnology

  • Aerospace

  • Automation

  • Composites

  • Computer Aided Design

There are 10 tips for getting a job in a mechanical professional level:

  • Get a degree in mechanical engineering

  • Learn about business fundamentals

  • Think beyond mechanical engineering skills

  • Develop your technical and practical skills

  • Get licensed

  • Find a mentor

  • Enhance your communication skills

  • A professional CV

Majors Or Specializations Of BS Mechanical Engineering

The major and compulsory of BS Mechanical Engineering are as follows:

  • Thermal Sciences

  • Metrology

  • Kinematics and Mechanisms

  • Machine Design

  • Manufacturing

  • Control Systems

  • Internal Combustion Engines

  • Turbo machinery

  • Engineering Graphics

  • Machines Dynamics

  • Mechanic Lab

  • Production Methods

  • Machine Tools Dynamometry

Mechanical Engineering students typically specialize in one of five fields which are common:

  • Fluid Mechanics

  • Machine Design and Solid Mechanics

  • Materials Engineering and Processing

  • Thermal Engineering

  • Automation and Control

These are also some specialized fields of BS Mechanical engineering which are as follows. Students can do specialization in these fields can also such as:

  • Kinematics

  • Production Engineering

  • Rapid Prototyping

  • Introduction Of Fluid Dynamics

  • Micro Electro Systems

  • Thermo Science

Duration And Credit Hours Of BS Mechanical Engineering

A bachelor's degree in mechanical engineering is a 4 year degree program having a total of 8 semesters. It usually ensures that candidates have the basic technical knowledge for getting a license and getting a job at the professional level.

Semesters Credit hours
1st semester 17
2nd semester 17
3rd semester 18
4th semester 17
5th semester 18
6th semester 18
7th semester 18
8th semester 13

Scope And Career Of BS Mechanical Engineering

The mechanical engineering field immerses the concepts of mechanics, thermodynamics, fluids, and structural analysis. Mechanical engineers learn how to develop engines, complex machinery systems and other power hardware tools.

Mechanical engineering is a wide engineering field and has a good scope in national and international level. Most of the work in mechanical engineering goes around machinery of all types.

There are lots of job opportunities after the BS mechanical engineering program. This field of engineering offers a wide variety of options for the graduates. Having this program, students can easily find jobs in the public and private sector.

  • Junior Mechanical Engineers

  • Senior Mechanical Engineers

  • Assistant Engineers

  • Executive Engineers

  • Lecturer

  • Professors

  • Senior Consultants

There are many industries of mechanical engineering degree program:

  • Chemical industries

  • Electronics industry

  • Marketing Industry

  • Agricultural Industry

  • Steel Plants Industry

  • Power Plants

  • Oil Exploration Industry

  • Space Research Industry

Salaries of mechanical engineers

The average mechanical engineer salary in Pakistan starts from 500,500 per year and 60,000 to 80,000 per month with 3 to 4 years experience. Entry level positions start from 30,000 to 35,000 per month while most experienced engineers make up to 170,000 per month.

Skills And Learning Outcomes Of BS Mechanical Engineering

There are some important skills which are required for a mechanical engineering program.

  • Verbal Communication

  • Positive Attitude

  • Team Working

  • Critical Thinking

  • Self Confidence

  • Drive and Resilience

  • Written Communication

  • Stress Tolerance

  • Adaptability

  • Time Management

  • Self-Awareness

  • Planning and Organizing

  • Integrity

Learning outcomes of BS mechanical engineering degree program
  • They have ability to apply engineering design to solve problems that meet specified needs with meditation of public health, safety, and welfare, as well as cultural, social, global, environmental and economic considerations.

  • Also understand and be able to apply Newton's law.

  • They have an ability to apply knowledge of engineering, mathematics, science fundamentals and an engineering specialization to the solution of complicated mechanical engineering issues.

  • They will be able to understand basic kinematics concepts, displacement, velocity and acceleration.

  • Also understand fundamental dynamics concepts such as force, momentum, work and energy.

Related Courses Of BS Mechanical Engineering

There are some related courses in the BS mechanical engineering degree program.

  • BS Civil Engineering

  • BS Electrical Engineering

  • BS Industrial Engineering.

  • BS Acoustical Engineering

  • BS Aerospace Engineering

  • BS Manufacturing Engineering

  • BS Marine Engineering

  • BS Mechatronic Engineering

Syllabus And Courses Of BS Mechanical Engineering

1st semester

Courses Credit hours
Calculus-I 3
Engineering Drawing and Graphics Lab 2
Applied Physics 2
Computer Systems and Programming 2
English Composition 3
Intro to Space Science 1
Religious Studies 2
Applied Physics Lab 1
Computer Systems and Programming Lab 3

2nd semester

Statics 3
Engineering Materials 3
Applied Chemistry 2
Communication Skills 3
Workshop Technology 2
Engineering Mathematics 3

3rd semester

Thermodynamics-I 3
Dynamics 3
Mechanics of Materials-I 3
Electrical Technology 2
Linear Algebra and Differential Equations (LA and DE) 3
Pakistan Studies 2
Electrical Technology Lab 1
Engineering Mechanics Lab 1

4th semester

Fluid Mechanics-I 3
Mechanics of Materials-II 3
Mechanics of Materials Lab 1
Numerical Methods 3
Electronics 2
Thermodynamics-II 1
Electronics Lab 1
Thermodynamics Lab 1

5th semester

Heat and Mass Transfer 3
Fluid Mechanics-II 3
Machine Design-I 3
Instrumentation and Measurement 2
Probability and Random Variables 2
Technical Writing 2
Heat and Mass Transfer Lab 1
Fluid Mechanics Lab 1
Instrumentation and Measurement Lab 1

6th semester

Manufacturing Processes 3
Control Systems 3
Mechanics of Machines 3
Intro to Finite Element Methods 2
Control Systems Lab 1
Intro to Finite Element Methods Lab 1
Manufacturing Processes Lab 1
Management Elective-I 2
Machine Design-II 2

7th semester

Design Project-II 3
Mechanical Vibrations 3
IC Engines Lab 1
IC Engines 2
Refrigeration and Air-Conditioning 3
Mechanism and Mechanical Vibrations Lab 3
Management Elective-II 2
Social Sciences Elective-I 2
Refrigeration and Air-Conditioning Lab 1

8th semester

Engineering Elective-II 2
Engineering Elective-I 2
Business and Entrepreneurship 2
Design Project-II 3
Health, Safety and Environment 1
Power Plants 3

Further Courses After BS Mechanical Engineering

There are many master programs in the field of mechanical engineering which the students can pursue after the BS mechanical engineering program.

  • M.Tech in Mechanical Engineering

  • Certificate/M.Tech diploma in Piping Design and Manufacturing

  • Certificate/M.Tech diploma in Robotics

  • MS in Engineering in Tool Design

  • Masters in Mechatronics

  • MS in Nanotechnology Engineering

  • MS in Business Administration (MBA)

  • MS in Supply Chain Management

  • MS in Business Administration

  • Masters of Science in Piping Design and Engineering

  • Masters of Engineering in Tool Design

  • Masters in Nanotechnology

  • Masters in 3D Modeling

  • MS Civil Engineering

  • MS Electrical Engineering

  • MS Industrial Engineering

  • MS Acoustical Engineering

  • MS Aerospace Engineering

  • MS Manufacturing Engineering

  • MS Marine Engineering

  • PHD in Mechanical Engineering

  • PHD in Mechatronics

Fee Structure Of BS Mechanical Engineering

Here is the fee structure of some public and private universities of Pakistan.

Institute Of Space Technology 196,000 per semester
National University Of Science and Technology 205,000 per semester
International Islamic University 170,500 per semester
National University Of Technology 142,000 per semester
Pakistan Institute Of Engineering and Applied Sciences 110,400 per semester
Ned University Of Engineering and Technology 38,000 per semester
Mehran University Of Engineering and Technology 64,000 per semester

Admission Process Of BS Mechanical Engineering

  • Applicants must go on the official website and get updates of admission regarding BS mechanical engineering on a daily basis.

  • They are informed to fill in the application form by adding all personal and academic records along with a photocopy of previous record and ID card.

  • They must submit the application fee at the bank branch.

  • After confirming all the detailed information on the form , submit the application successfully.

Eligibility Criteria Of BS Mechanical Engineering

  • To take admission in a BS mechanical engineering degree program, the basic and important requirements are intermediate in the major subjects of physics, chemistry and mathematics. Students must have at least 50 marks in fsc.

  • Private universities criterias of many universities demand admission tests for applying in the field of BS mechanical engineering program. It is mandatory to get a 50% score on a test for applying to engineering universities in Pakistan.

  • Candidates of DAE in Mechanical engineering with a least of 60% marks are also eligible to apply for this degree program.

Admission Intakes And Entry Test Of BS Mechanical Engineering

The admissions of BS mechanical engineering start from September and January. Most universities also take admissions in October or February.

ECAT entry test is mandatory to take admission in most public and private engineering g universities of Pakistan. Some universities conduct their own admission test and some requires NAT test. ECAT is known as an engineering college admission test. It is an MCQ's based exam that is a mandatory option to be taken by students who want to take admission in engineering universities.

Merit/Merit Formula Of BS Mechanical Engineering

The merit of BS mechanical engineering is high in top ranked engineering universities of Pakistan. Generally the merit starts from 90% and ends at 82% in public sector universities and from 85% to 77% in private sector universities. There are various different merit ormulas to calculate the merit of a BS mechanical engineering degree program.

The merit is calculated as:

ECAT entry test marks =50%

Intermediate marks=40%

Matriculation marks=10%


University admission test=50%

HSSC marks=30%

SSC marks=20%


NAT test=50%

Intermediate marks= 40%

Matriculation marks=10%


All academic record=100%

Top Colleges And Universities Of BS Mechanical Engineering

There are many public and private universities in Pakistan which are offering BS mechanical engineering. There are some top universities are:

  • National University of Sciences and Technology, NUST

  • University Of Engineering and Technology, UET Peshawar

  • Ghulam Ishaq Khan Institute Of Engineering Sciences and Technology

  • University Of Wah

  • Hitec University

  • Institute of Space and Technology

  • UET Taxila

  • Ned University Of Engineering and Technology

  • National University Of Science and Technology

  • International Islamic University

  • National University Of Technology, Islamabad

  • Pakistan Institute Of Engineering and Applied Sciences

  • Mehran University Of Engineering and Technology

  • Balochistan University Of Engineering and Technology

  • University Of Engineering and Technology ,Mardan

  • Mirpur University Of Science And Technology

  • Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan

  • Muhammad Nawaz Sharif University Of Engineering And Technology

  • Nfc Institute Of Engineering and Technology

  • Balochistan University Of IT and Management Sciences

  • Khawaja Fareed University Of Engineering and Information Technology

  • University Of Sargodha

  • Capital University Of Science And Technology Islamabad

  • Hamdard University

  • The Superior University

  • The University Of Lahore

  • University Of Central Punjab

  • University Of Management And Technology

  • University Of Engineering and Technology Peshawar

  • Comsats University Islamabad

  • Air University, Aerospace and Aviation

  • Pakistan Navy Engineering College, Karachi

  • College Of Electrical And Mechanical Engineering, Rawalpindi