BS Zoology

Zoology is a 4-year degree program and basically the scientific study of the characteristics and classification of animals. Zoology is a vibrant and growing program with considerable relevance for advanced society.

It is the scientific study of animals. It studies the structure, habits, distribution, embryology, classification of all animals and interacts with their ecosystems. Zoology is the primary branch of biology.

BS zoology focuses on producing researchers to serve in universities, molecular biology, conservation and forest management, public and private sectors, institutes for ecology, environmental agencies, veterinary healthcare, forensic department, environmental institutions and pathological laboratories, etc.

Majors or Specializations Of BS Zoology

There are following majors of BS zoology are:

  • Animal Health and Behavior
  • Wildlife Conservation
  • Wildlife and Fisheries Biology
  • Evolution, animal behavior and genetics
  • Biostatistics
  • Developmental Biology
  • Environmental Zoology
  • Animal Physiology
  • Cell and Molecular Biology
  • Lab Animal Physiology
  • Advanced Zoology
  • Botany

There are following specializations of BS zoology.

  • Animal Biology
  • Environmental Biology
  • Fisheries Biology and Aquatic Conservation
  • Pre-Veterinary Science
  • Wildlife Biology and Conservation
  • Marine Biology
  • Herpetology
  • Mammalogy
  • Ornithology
  • Ichthyology
  • Entomology
  • Parapsychology

Duration And Credit Hours Of BS Zoology

BS zoology is a four-year full time degree program spread over a total of 8 semesters. Each semester has at least 20 weeks (about 6 months) duration for teaching and examination. Students must have 50% marks to complete this degree.

Semester Credit Hours
1st Semester 18
2nd Semester 17
3rd Semester 18
4th Semester 15
5th Semester 17
6th Semester 17
7th Semester 15
8th Semester 16
Total 133
Other Courses Credit Hours
Compulsory Courses 27
General Courses 23
Foundation Courses 34
Major Courses 35
Elective Courses 12
Project 6

Scope And Career Of BS Zoology

Bachelor in zoology has a wide scope in Pakistan. Zoology also offers a wide range of job opportunities in various fields including research, wildlife management, education, conservation and public health. Zoologists also work in a variety of settings, including zoos, aquariums, government agencies, museums, universities and private research firms.

Studying zoology also prepares graduates for a wide range of professions. The scope of BS zoology is higher than other biological programs. So, after graduating, students will have a diverse variety of job opportunities:

There are some common professions in this field are:

  • Academic researcher
  • Animal nutritionist
  • Ecologist
  • Environmental consultant
  • Environmental education officer
  • Higher education lecturer
  • Marine scientist
  • Nature conservation officer
  • Academic Researcher
  • Animal Nutritionist
  • Academic researcher
  • Animal nutritionist
  • Nature conservation officer
  • Science writer
  • Zookeeper
  • Zoologist
  • Animal physiotherapist
  • Environmental manager
  • Field trials officer
  • Fisheries officer
  • Marine biologist
  • Paleontologist
  • Research scientist
  • Toxicologist
  • Veterinary nurse
  • Veterinary surgeon

Graduates can find a job in a range of organizations such as:

  • Safari parks
  • Wildlife journals
  • Fish farms
  • (Cattle) farms
  • Research labs
  • Poultry farms
  • National Parks
  • Zoos or wildlife parks
  • Environmental protection agencies
  • Animal and environmental charities
  • Aquaculture and animal nutrition companies
  • Government agencies
  • Research institutions
  • Conservation organizations
  • Medical research establishments
  • Schools, colleges, universities, research institutes, libraries and museums
  • Environmental consultancies
  • Pharmaceutical and petroleum companies.


he starting average salary range for a zoologist in Pakistan is between 40,000 to 60,000 per month. It also depends on the experience and expertise in the field.

Skills And Learning Outcomes Of BS Zoology

These are following skills which are required in a BS zoology degree program:

  • Critical thinking
  • Independent investigation
  • Observation and data collection
  • Communicating skills
  • Physical fitness
  • Analytical skills through illuminating and manipulating complex scientific data and demography.
  • Observation skills
  • Data-handling skills by collecting, recording, and identifying data using different techniques and equipment.
  • Communication skills through making reports and writing up projects.
  • Verbal communication skills from presenting research findings and making unique and concise presentations.
  • Project management skills by reorganizing and undertaking research projects with contingency planning, budgeting and time management)

Learning outcomes of BS Zoology

  • Graduates will be able to analyze complex interactions among the animals of different phyla and their relationship with the environment.
  • They will also be able to apply the knowledge of the internal structure of a cell, its functions in control of different metabolic functions of organisms.
  • They also understand the complex developmental processes and behavior of animals.
  • Also correspond to the physiological processes of animals and relationship of organ systems.
  • They will also be able to understand the environmental protection processes and its importance.

Syllabus And Courses Of BS Zoology

1st Semester Courses

Courses Credit Hours
Animal Diversity: Invertebrates 4
Botany-I: Diversity of Plants 3
English-I: Functional English 3
Mathematics-I 3
Introduction to Computer 3
Pakistan Studies 3

2nd Semester Courses

Courses Credit Hours
Animal Diversity: Chordates 4
Botany-II: Development, Systematics, and Anatomy 3
Biotechnology 3
English-II: Communication Skills 3
Sociology 2
Islamic Studies 2

3rd Semester Courses

Courses Credit Hours
Animal Form and Function-I 4
Biosafety and Bioethics 2
English-III: Technical Writing & Presentation Skills 3
General Molecular Biology 3
Cell Biology 3
Immunology 3

4th Semester Courses

Courses Credit Hours
Animal Behavior 3
Probability and Biostatistics 2
Animal Form and Function-II 4
Research Methodology 3
Social Entrepreneurship 3

5th Semester Courses

Courses Credit Hours
Biochemistry-I: Basic Concepts of Biochemistry 3
Bioinformatics 3
Evolution 2
General Ecology 3
Physiology 3
Psychology 2

6th Semester Courses

Courses Credit Hours
Biological Techniques 4
Bioinformatics 3
Principles of Animal Life-II 3
Animal Form and Function 4
Environmental Biology 4

7th Semester Courses

Courses Credit Hours
Evolution and Principles of Systematics 4
Seminar in Zoology 3
Wildlife 3
Elective-I 3
Elective-II 3
Senior Project-I/Elective Course/Internship 3

8th Semester Courses

Courses Credit Hours
Developmental Biology 4
Entrepreneurship 3
Genetics 4
Wildlife 3
Principles of Systematics 3

Related Courses Of BS Zoology

There are following related courses of BS Zoology:

  • BS botany
  • BS biochemistry
  • BS bioinformatics
  • BS bio sciences
  • BS biotechnology

Further Courses After BS Zoology

After completing the zoology degree program, graduates can choose masters or PhD in order to specialize in these areas of interest such as:

  • Wildlife conservation and biology
  • Animal biology
  • Ecology and environmental sustainability
  • Ecology and management

Some other master's degree programs related to zoology are:

  • Maters in Medical Technology
  • Masters in Biomedical Technology
  • Masters in Biomedical Engineering
  • Masters in Medical Biotechnology
  • Masters in Medical Physiology
  • Masters in Biochemistry
  • Masters in Bioorganic chemistry
  • Masters in Molecular biology
  • Masters in Health care sciences
  • PhD in Zoology
  • PhD in Molecular biology

Fee Structure of BS Zoology

To check the fee structure of BS zoology degree program, students can check the official website of the university. The fee of BS zoology is not the same for all public and private universities of Pakistan. The fee structure of BS zoology varies university to university.

The fee structure of BS zoology is also available in the prospectus of the universities. Each university has its own prospectus in which the fee structure is mentioned for BS zoology.

Here is the fee structure of some public and private universities of Pakistan for BS zoology program:

Minhaj University Fee Structure for BS Zoology

Description Amount (PKR)
Total Package 754,700
At Admission Time 28,500
Additional Charges at the time of Admission 2,700
Examination Fee 3,500
Total Amount (At Admission) 31,200
Installment (16) 43,688

Minhaj University Fee Structure for BS Zoology

Additional Charges Amount (PKR)
Library Security Fee (Refundable) 2,000
Student Card 200
Library and Magazine Fund 500
Total Additional Charges 2,700

University of Management and Technology Fee Structure for BS Zoology

Description Amount (PKR)
Learning Investment 890,000
Quarterly Fee 55,625

Lahore Garrison University Fee Structure for BS Zoology

Description Amount (PKR)
Admission Fee 17,500
Tuition Fee (1st Semester) 99,360
Misc. Charges (Per Semester) 7,860
At the Time of Admission (Estimated) 124,720
Total Charges (Estimated) 805,280

Other Universities Fee Structure for BS Zoology

University Amount (PKR)
The University of Lahore 887,600 Total Fee
University of Okara 42,000 per semester
University of Education 32,000 per semester
Abdul Wali Khan University 56,000 per semester